value = not expr
not operator interprets
expr as an integer, and returns another integer in whose internal bit pattern all the bits are flipped to their opposite state (i.e., all 1's are changed to 0; and all 0's are changed to 1). Coincidentally, because of the way that integers are stored in FutureBasic, the value returned by
not expr equals:
-(expr + 1).
One common use for
not is to reverse the sense of an expression whose value equals
_zTrue (-1) or
_false (0). Note that
(not _false) returns
_zTrue. You must be careful when using
not with "true" values other than -1. For example:
testValue = 35
if testValue then beep 'This produces a beep
if not testValue then beep 'But so does this!
This program produces two beeps, because in the second
if statement, "
not testValue" produces the value -36, which is still interpreted as "true" by the
Another common use for
not is to help you set or reset individual bits in a bit pattern. For example:
pattern& = pattern& and not bit(7)
This sets bit 7 in
pattern& to zero, and leaves all of
pattern&'s other bits alone.
and; or; xor